World Facts

What Happened On July 4th In...?

The United States declared its independence from Britain, important battles were waged, and great feats in space exploration were undertaken.

According to the Gregorian calendar, July 4th is the 185th day of most years and the 186th day in a leap year. From this day onward, there are 180 days remaining for the year to end. There are so many events in the history that took place on this date, and some are epic and historical. It is on this date that the 13 colonies gained independence from England in 1776, an event that culminated in the formation of the United States of America. Every year on July 4th, Americans celebrate this historic event when America was born.

Independence for the United States (1776)

On July 4, 1776, the United States' Declaration of independence from Britain was signed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. With it, the thirteen colonies of New Hampshire, New York, Delaware, Maryland, Georgia, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, South Carolina, Connecticut, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and Virginia declared they were sovereign states. Before the Declaration, the colonies had been at war with Britain. On July 4, 1776, the draft of the resolution was approved by the US Congress and signed by John Hancock, who was the President of the Congress. Five years of war for independence followed the declaration until the United States became formally independent in 1783. July 4th remains the most significant holiday in the US.

France Gives the Statue of Liberty to the U.S. (1886)

On July 4th, 1886, France gifted the United States with the Statue of Liberty as a symbol of progress, and to recognize the 100th Anniversary of the Declaration of Independence by the United States, as well as to celebrate the alliance between France and the United States during and after the American Revolution. In the 1880s, French was increasingly divided between those loyal to the monarch and a population which had embraced enlightenment ideals. Edouard de Laboulaye, a French political thinker, abolitionist and an expert in the American Constitution proposed the idea aimed at inspiring French citizens to establish their democracy in the context of a repressive monarchy. French sculptor, Auguste Bartholdi was tasked with the creation of the statue. He first made two small-scale versions stationed in Paris and Brazil. The two governments coordinated the construction, with the U.S. building the statue’s base. Funds for the statue were raised through public donations and charity lotteries.

Russian Bolsheviks Kill Tsar Nicholas II and the Russian Imperial Family (1918)

The last Russian Emperor, Tsar Nicholas II, and his family were executed by Russian Bolsheviks in 1918. Nicholas had assumed power in 1894 and his regime was characterized by social unrest, discontent by the lower classes and significant losses in the battlefield. In 1917, Nicholas had been forced to abdicate the throne amidst the Russian Revolution. The royal family was being held in the house of a merchant in Yekaterinburg town when a Czech contingent of the White Army approached the city to liberate the family. The Bolsheviks then proceeded to execute the royal family and their small retinue on July 4th, 1918

NASA’s Juno Probe Arrives in the Orbit of Jupiter (2016)

The Juno Probe, initially being launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, U.S.A. on August 5, 2011, successfully began orbiting Jupiter on July 4, 2016 after a five-year-long journey. The probe, scheduled to orbit Jupiter until 2018, will collect data on various aspects of the planet including its atmosphere, magnetic fields, climate, and formation history. The data will be useful to scientists studying the biggest planet. The successful arrival of the probe is considered groundbreaking for space exploration.

Other Notable July 4th Historical Events

In the year 362 BC, forces from Thebes defeated those from Sparta at Mantinea, Greece. In 1187 AD, Ayyubid Sultan defeated Guy of Lusignan, the French King of Jerusalem at the Horns of Hattin (now Lower Galilee, Israel). Former U.S. Presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died on the 50th Anniversary of the day they signed the Declaration of Independence in the year 1826. In 1943, Soviets and Nazi Germany faced off in the largest tank battle in history at Kursk, Russia. US-backed Radio free Europe began broadcasts to areas of the Eastern Bloc and the Middle East in 1950. In the year 1997, NASA’s Pathfinder probe landed on Mars.

What Happened On July 4th In...?

Notable Events Occurring on July 4th Through HistoryYear
Forces from Thebes defeat those from Sparta at Mantinea, Greece.362 BC
Ayyubid Sultan Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, the French King of Jerusalem, at the Horns of Hattin in what is now Lower Galilee, Israel.
1187 AD
The United States Declaration of Independence from Britain is signed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.1776
Former U.S. Presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams die on the 50th Anniversary of the day they signed the Declaration of Independence.1826
France gives the Statue of Liberty to the United States.
1886
Russian Bolsheviks kill Tsar Nicholas II and the Russian Imperial Family.1918
Soviets and Nazi Germans face off in the largest tank battle in history at Kursk, Russia.1943
U.S.-backed Radio Free Europe begins broadcasts to areas of the Eastern Bloc and Middle East.1950
NASA's Pathfinder probe lands on Mars.1997
NASA's Juno probe arrives at the orbit of Jupiter.2016

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