Meaning of Exile
When a person or persons are banished from their homeland (city, state or country) they are said to be sent into exile. An exiled person or group are refused permission to reenter and may be threatened with death or imprisonment if they return. Exile is almost always a form of punishment and banishment is used to deport people who are a perceived threat to authorities. Internal exile is a forced resettlement within the home country. Exile can also be self-imposed with people departing their country to escape religious, cultural or political persecution or as a form of protest. A person may go into self-exile to be in solitude to devote time to a pet pursuit.
Most individual exiles are political, where the deposed person is the head of state who is sent into exile following a coup, etc. to allow a peaceful transition of government. The list of deposed heads of states is quite long and, beginning with Napoleon, who was exiled to the remote Southern Atlantic island of St. Helena where he spent his last years until his death, includes emperors, kings, presidents, and prime ministers. However, religious leaders have also been banished from their homelands. The Muslim prophet Mohammed had to flee
Nation in Exile
When large ethnic groups or an entire nation is forced to relocate and refused return, a whole nation is exiled and are referred to as their former country’s diaspora. Jews were twice from expelled from Babylonia, first by king Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C. and again after the destruction of the second
Government in Exile
This is a political group, which claims to be a country’s legitimate governing body but resides in a foreign country and has no legal authority in their home country. Governments in exile plan and work to regain formal power in their home country some day. It is different from a rump state, which controls part of its former territory.