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UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Mexico

From prehistoric rock art to the Aztec Empire to Spanish colonization to modern times, Mexico has had a rich cultural heritage.

Mexico has 34 UNESCO World Heritage Sites that carry a rich diversity of cultural, political, and economic history of ancient civilizations as well as housing a rich biodiversity of flora and fauna. The heritage sites include four natural sites, one mixed site, and twenty-nine cultural sites. The designation of these sites as UNESCO World Heritage Sites attracts some tourists to this sites as well as conserving the sites and their uniqueness from deterioration.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Mexico

Agave Landscape And Ancient Industrial Facilities Of Tequila

The cultural world heritage site was inscribed in 2006. The 3,9091ha site was used for more than 2000 years to produce fermented drinks, cloth, to produce tequila since the 16th century. Distilleries and people living and working in the agave fields are an illustration of the growth and consumption of tequila locally and internationally. The site also has manifestations of the Teuchitlan tradition in the creation of terraces for agriculture, the construction of houses, temples and ceremonial mounds. The agave landscape is an illustration of the merged pre-Hispanic traditions with European distillation processes and local technologies.

Archipelago de Revillagigedo

A site is a group of four volcanic islands in the Pacific that are unique for their ecosystem and biodiversity. The site was designated a world heritage site in 2016.The islands were first discovered by Spanish explorers in the sixteenth century and later rediscovered and renamed. The islands were established as a biosphere reserve in 1994 due to their rich animal and plant life as well as the topographical uniqueness. Some animals such as the San Benedicto Rock wren which were found in the islands have become extinct. Though the islands are relatively secure from human degradation, introduction and presence of invasive species become a threat to the existing species.

Calakmul Campeche Ancient Maya city And Protected Tropical Forests

The mixed site, inscribed in 2002, is located in the central to southern part of the Yucatan peninsula. The site includes remains of the Calakmul and the Mesoamerica biodiversity hotspot (the world’s second largest). The site has one of the largest archaeological sites in the seat of the Kaan’s Mayan dynasty of the late classic period, urban settlements, roads, defense systems, water management features, and agricultural land utilization procedures. These unique features have been preserved throughout the centuries. Archaeological exploration of the area reveals the ancient way of life of the people, their burial practices, ornamentation, art, and interaction with the natural environment.

Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

The cultural site also known as the silver route represents a 2600km trade route that was in active use from the mid-16th to the 19th century. The route accounts for a well-developed and unique communication channel that opened up the northern areas and led to the establishment of multi-ethnic society and interactions that led to cultural fusion. Along the Mexican section, some sites have been inscribed as world heritage sites in 2010 including the Ojuelos de Jalisco and Zacatecas. These sites were important in the silver trade, the spread of Christianity and Spanish colonization. The sites include such elements as bridges, haciendas, historical centers, convents, temples, and a cemetery.

Other World Heritage Sites In Mexico

World heritage sites also found in Mexico include the cultural sites of Campeche historic fortified town, Chichen-Itza pre-Hispanic city, El Tajin pre-Hispanic city, and the natural sites of El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Alter biosphere reserve and the El Vizcaino Whale Sanctuary.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Mexico

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Mexico Year of Inscription; Type
Agave Landscapes and Ancient Industrial Facilities for Tequila 2006; Cultural
Archipiélago de Revillagigedo 2016; Natural
Calakmul, Campeche Ancient Maya City and Protected Tropical Forests 2002; Mixed
Camino Real de Tierra Adentro 2010; Cultural
Campeche Historic Fortified Town 1999; Cultural
Chichen-Itza Pre-Hispanic City 1988; Cultural
El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve 2013; Natural
El Tajin Pre-Hispanic City 1992; Cultural
El Vizcaino Whale Sanctuary 1993; Natural
Guanajuato Historic Town and Adjacent Mines 1988; Cultural
Gulf of California Islands and Protected Areas 2005; Natural
Hospicio Cabañas in Guadalajara 1997; Cultural
Luis Barragán House and Studio 2004; Cultural
Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve 2008; Natural
Monte Albán Archaeological Site and Oaxaca Historic Center 1987; Cultural
Morelia Historic Center 1991; Cultural
Oaxaca Central Valley's Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla 2010; Cultural
Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System Aqueduct 2015; Cultural
Palenque Pre-Hispanic City and National Park 1987; Cultural
Paquimé, Casas Grandes Archaeological Zone 1998; Cultural
Popocatepetl 16th-Century Hillside Monasteries 1994; Cultural
Puebla Historic Center 1987; Cultural
Querétaro Historic Monuments Zone 1996; Cultural
San Miguel Protective Town and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco 2008; Cultural
Sian Ka'an 1987; Natural
Sierra de San Francisco Rock Paintings 1993; Cultural
Sierra Gorda of Querétaro Franciscan Missions 2003; Cultural
Teotihuacan Pre-Hispanic City 1987; Cultural
Tlacotalpan Historic Monuments Zone 1998; Cultural
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Central University City Campus 2007; Cultural
Uxmal Pre-Hispanic Town 1996; Cultural
Xochicalco Archaeological Monuments Zone 1999; Cultural
Xochimilco and Mexico City Historic Center 1987; Cultural
Zacatecas Historic Center 1993; Cultural

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