World Facts

The Global Terrorism Index

The countries who have suffered the most casualties due to explosions by militants considered to be terrorists.

Explosive attacks are a global crisis affecting people and places all over the world, both directly and indirectly. For instance, Somalia is among the most terror-ridden countries, in terms of frequency of explosive attacks. Violence here has not only affected Somalis, but the whole East African community as well. Explosive attacks contribute to the failing of economies, as mind-power and manpower of a country are lost as lives are taken, and education takes a different tone, as science, technology, engineering, and mathematics are replaced by attack and retaliation as the backbones of society. Attacks on a country interfere with the continuance of the education of rising academics and politicians, contributing to a country having a less competent leadership. This in turn will often leave an affected state prone to collapse, and heavily dependent on foreign aid.

War is one of the leading factors of civilian casualties, such as in the case of Libya amidst its recent civil war. The conflict there was a struggle between Islamist militants and nationalists, battling to take control of certain parts of the country after it was liberated from under Muammar Gaddafi’s rule. Sadly, many innocent civilians have fallen amidst the crossfire.

On a smaller scale, terrorism is another significant contributor to civilian casualties. The United States is one of the most developed states to be plagued by recurring explosive violence ordeals. Being a super state such as it is comes with a lot of responsibility, and attracting attackers is one of the unfortunate consequences on constantly staying on the world scene. While trying to promote harmony in less developed or otherwise fragile nations around the world, the United States has experienced many terrorist attacks of its own, both from internal combatants, and from external attackers trying to reduce America’s capabilities to help other states. Increased awareness and anti-terrorism practices have been extensively promoted within the United States to reduce the number of civilian casualties resulting from such events.

It’s important to note that in the countries most affected by explosive terrorist attacks, the governments there often have been directly involved in the attacks coming about. This can either be due to the selling of military ordinances (which can later make it onto the black market), taking threatening stances that provoke violence from anti-government opposition, or carrying out attacks themselves at the direct request of a country’s official leadership to destroy political opponents.

Countries such as Libya, Somalia, and Pakistan have become fragile states as they have had difficulty administering governance within their own countries without assistance from outside sources. Such fragile states are often very dependent on others, such as countries that they have entered into defense treaties with, or international organization such as United Nations peacekeeping forces.

After an occurrence of terrorism or explosive violence occurs, manpower is reduced as lives are lost. The level of production, therefore, reduces and causes the economy to struggle. Terrorism often leads to the destruction of infrastructure, such as schools, roads, electricity, telecommunications networks, and hospitals. This often leaves citizens with limited access to health care, utilities, transportation, media, and educational opportunities for some time to come. Perhaps just as important are the intangible costs of explosive violence. Terrorism instills fear and a feeling of a lack of security in citizens, reducing public morale, while often inspiring further terrorism at the same time.

It’s unfortunate that explosive violence is now spreading to countries that have traditionally offered assistance to others suffering terrorism themselves, as has been the case with the United States. The trend is worrying, as the numbers of civilian casualties are gradually increasing globally. Leaders from around the world must become more actively involved in turning back the tide against explosive violence, not only within their own countries, but across different regions worldwide as well.

The Global Terrorism Index

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RankCountries# of civilian casualties
1Iraq12,799
2Syria7,011
3Pakistan4,279
4Afghanistan1,704
5Lebanon1,304
6India438
7Somalia408
8Yemen392
9Libya306
10United States272
11Turkey241
12Russia221
13Egypt211
14Philippines210
15Thailand154

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