The European Continent
The continent of Europe is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean to the south, west, and north. To the east, it shares a border with Asia. It has a total area of 3.93 million square miles, which is about 6.8% of the total land area on earth. Approximately 11% of the global population, around 740 million, lives here. This continent is politically divided into 50 countries of varying geographies, cultures, and sizes. This article takes a closer look at the countries of Europe according to the size of their area.
The Largest Countries In Europe
Sweden is the 5th largest country in Europe and covers an area of 449,964 square kilometers. This country has a population of around 9 million individuals, 85% of whom live in urban areas. Sweden is located in the far northern region of Europe and has a long coastline along the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Sea. A large area of this country is covered in the Scandinavian mountain range.
Spain is the 4th largest country in Europe, covering a total area of 498,468 square kilometers. This country is located in southwestern Europe and makes up part of the Iberian Peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea. Spain has a number of islands included in its territory. The mainland area is largely covered by mountains. It has a total population size of just over 46.42 million.
The third largest country in Europe is France with 551,394 square kilometers of area. When its overseas territories are included, that number increases to 643,801 square kilometers. France is located in the western region of the continent and is home to the Rhine river, the Alps mountain range, and the Pyrenees mountains. It has a population size of 64.85 million.
The Ukraine is the second largest country in Europe, covering an area of 603,628 square kilometers. It makes up part of Eastern Europe and has coastlines along the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea. This country is home to the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The population of the Ukraine is approximately 42.53 million.
By far the largest country on the European continent is Russia with an area of 3,972,400 square kilometers. Part of this country extends into the Asian continent, giving it a total area of 17,098,242 square kilometers and making it the largest country in the world. Russia is home to 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, 40 UNESCO biosphere reserves, 101 nature reserves, and 41 national parks. It has a population of over 144.55 million.
The Smallest Countries In Europe
Malta, an island nation, is the 5th smallest country in Europe, covering an area of only 316 square kilometers. It is located in the Mediterranean Sea just 80 kilometers south of Italy. With a population size of nearly 450,000, Malta is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. It consists of 3 inhabited islands and 18 uninhabited islands.
The 4th smallest country in Europe is Liechtenstein. This 160 square-kilometer microstate is landlocked, sharing borders with Switzerland and Austria. It is located in the upper Rhine River Valley of the Alps and has a largely alpine ecosystem. The population of Liechtenstein is around 37,340.
3. San Marino
San Marino is an enclaved microstate, located within Italy in the Apennine mountains. It covers an area of only 61 square kilometers. The majority of its population of 33,562 live in either the city of San Marino or Dogana. Interestingly, this nation has the oldest written and still active Constitution in the world.
Monaco covers an area of 1.95 square kilometers, making it the second smallest nation in Europe. It is considered both a city-state and micronation and is located along the French Riviera, sharing borders with France and the Mediterranean Sea. It is surrounded by the Alpes-Maritimes mountains. Monaco has a population of 38,400.
1. Vatican City
The smallest country in Europe is Vatican City, an enclave of the city of Rome in Italy. It is separated from the rest of the city by walls. Vatican City, which covers .44 square kilometers is headed by the Pope of the Catholic church. Its highest public offices are all held by clergy members of the church. It has a population of roughly 1,000 individuals.
The Countries Of Europe By Area
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