World Facts

The Countries Of Asia By Size

With an area of 17,125,200 square km, Russia is Asia's largest country while Maldives with an area of 300 square km, is the smallest country in the continent.

Asia is the largest continent in the world with an area of 17,212,048 square miles. The continent is home to some of the biggest countries (Russia) and smallest countries (the Maldives). The continent of Asia has diverse physical and climatic conditions ranging from deserts to heavily forested areas. The topology also differs from one country to another. The continent covers about 8.66% of the Earth’s Surface and 30% of the Earth’s land. The continent has a total of 53 countries including Russia and Turkey which are partly in Asia and Europe. Taiwan is regarded as a country by the UN.

The Largest Country In Asia: Russia

The Russian Federation is the biggest country in Asia with a total area of approximately 6,612,077 square miles that cover some parts of Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. Russia is also the world’s largest country and one of the most powerful nations in the world. The area was larger before the fall of the Soviet Union as some regions were seceded in its dissolution. More territories have been claiming independence, but are still technically under Russian control. The country displays diversity in climatic conditions, topography, and plant and animal species. Russia borders Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, China and North Korea. Lake Baikal is Russia’s largest lake while River Yenesi-Angar-Selenge is the longest in Russia. The country has a coastline of approximately 23,396 miles, and 4.2% of the total area is covered by water. The lowest point in Russia is located in the Caspian Sea at 92 feet below sea level while Mount Elbrus is the highest peak at 18,510 feet above sea level.

The Smallest Country In Asia: Maldives

The Maldives is the smallest country in Asia covering a mere 116 square miles in geographical area. Maldives Islands are in the Indian Ocean in Southern Asia. The Maldives are made up of a series of 1,190 coral islands spread over a distance of 34,749 square miles. The soil of the islands of the Maldives are highly alkaline, lacking sufficient elements of nitrogen, iron, and potash, therefore limiting agricultural practice. Only 10% of the Maldives has an agricultural potential. The Maldives annual temperature and rainfall range from 75.2 to 91.4 °F and 100 to 150 inches, depending on the location. Humidity is high but balanced by the constant sea breezes.

The Gray Boundary Of Asia

The 53 countries in Asia have unique geographical characteristics and mostly differ in size and features. Asia is the most diverse continent in respect to geography, culture, and religion with some having European traits while others have African features. There is no clear natural boundary between Asia and Europe and some scholars refer to the two together as Eurasia. The transcontinental nature of some of the countries in Asia has led to international confusions, for example, the majority of Turkey lies within Asia, but it identifies itself with Europe. The same thing applies to Egypt that is entirely in Africa but identifies itself with Asia.

The Countries Of Asia By Size

RankCountryArea (km²)
1Russia17,125,200
2China9,596,961
3India3,287,263
4Kazakhstan2,455,034
5Saudi Arabia2,149,690
6Iran1,648,195
7Mongolia1,564,110
8Indonesia1,472,639
9Pakistan796,095
10Turkey747,272
11Myanmar676,578
12Afghanistan652,230
13Yemen527,968
14Thailand513,120
15Turkmenistan488,100
16Uzbekistan447,400
17Iraq438,317
18Japan377,930
19Vietnam331,212
20Malaysia330,803
21Oman309,500
22Philippines300,000
23Laos236,800
24Kyrgyzstan199,951
25Syria185,180
26Cambodia181,035
27Bangladesh147,570
28Nepal147,181
29Tajikistan143,100
30North Korea120,538
31South Korea100,210
32Jordan89,342
33Azerbaijan86,600
34United Arab Emirates83,600
35Georgia69,000
36Sri Lanka65,610
37Egypt60,000
38Bhutan38,394
39Taiwan36,193
40Armenia29,843
41Israel20,273
42Kuwait17,818
43Timor-Leste14,874
44Qatar11,586
45Lebanon10,452
46Cyprus9,251
47Palestine6,220
48Brunei5,765
49Bahrain765
50Singapore716
51Maldives300
52Total44,579,000

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