Finland is a north European nation with a population of roughly 5.5 million as of 2014. The country is part of a peninsula that is bordered by the Gulf of Bothnia to the west and in the south lies the Gulf of Finland. Finland shares its land borders with Russia to the east, Norway to the north. Finland’s cities are highly developed with excellent infrastructural facilities. Finnish citizens living in these cities enjoy high standards of living. Here we present five of the biggest cities in Finland.
The 5 Biggest Cities In Finland
Helsinki is Finland’s biggest city as well as the nation’s capital. The city is based on the shore of the Gulf of Finland in southern Finland. Helsinki has close historical connections with its neighboring cities of Talinn in Estonia, Saint Petersburg in Russia, and Stockholm in Sweden. Helsinki is a major political, cultural, financial, and educational center of Finland. The city has highly developed infrastructural facilities and its population enjoys a high standard of living. Helsinki was ranked as one of the top 10 cities in the world to live globally in a 2015 Liveability survey.
Located in Pirkanmaa, Southern Finland, Tampere ranks second among the biggest cities in Finland. Geographically, the city is located between the two lakes Pyhäjärvi and Näsijärvi. The rapids linking the two lakes of different elevations are an important source of hydroelectric power generation for the city. Mechanical engineering and automation, health and biotechnology, and information and communication technologies are the major industries operating in Tampere. Tampere has high levels of unemployment (about 20% as of 2016). There are four higher education institutes in the city. Tampere also has an active cultural life.
In the region of Southwest Finland and at the mouth of the Aura River is the third largest Finnish city of Turku. It is the oldest city in the country and was founded sometime around the late 13th century. It retained the status for several hundred years as Finland’s most important city till its position was replaced by Helsinki after Finland became part of the Russian Empire in 1809.Turku continued to be the most populous city in the country till the 1840’s when again the title was captured by the rapidly growing city of Helsinki. Today, the city serves as a regional capital and an important cultural and financial center in the country. The Port of Turku is a notable passenger seaport serving over 3 million passengers annually. In 1996, the city was designated the title of the official Christmas City of Finland.
Oulu ranks fourth among the biggest cities in Finland. It is located in the Northern Ostrobothnia region of Finland. It is the biggest city in Northern Finland and is the largest northernmost city outside of Russia. Oulu is also regarded as a “living lab” of Europe as residents here experiment with new technology at a community-wide scale.
Jyväskylä is located in the western part of Finnish Lakeland where it is the largest city. Jyväskylä is also the fifth biggest city in the country. The city played a role in education in Finnish and was the first place in the world to provide education in the same language. The city houses many of the architectural works of the famous Finnish architect Alvar Aalto. An annual LGBT festival, Vinokino, and the Jyväskylä Arts Festival.
The Biggest Cities In Finland