Algeria is a North African country bordering the Mediterranean Sea, and has Algiers as both its capital and its most populous city. Arabs make up 99% of the total population an Arabic is the official language. It is a unitary semi-presidential republic with a population of 40,400,000 people and a population density of 37.9 people per square mile. The Sunni Islam is the dominant religion with 98% while Christians make only 1%. The country was colonized by the French. The country is in Sahara desert and experiences very high daytime temperatures and low night temperatures. The rainfall is also very little apart from few areas along the coast.The topography of the country is diverse and fascinating. Two mountain ranges, the Aures and the Nememcha, occupy the entirety of northeastern Algeria. The other mountain ranges in Algeria include the Atlas mountains, the Saharan Atlas, the Tell Atlas, the Hoggar Mountains, and the Tassili n’ Ajjer mountains. This article discusses some of the highest mountains in the country.
Tallest Mountains in Algeria
Mount Tahat is the highest peak in the country with an elevation of 9,541 feet, and is found 35 miles north of the city of Tamanrasset. It is located in an arid zone central of the Sahara desert, and it is of a volcanic origin. The Tuaregs are the predominant community around these areas. The first documented ascent took place in 1930. Nature tourists come in huge number for hiking escapades in Mount Tahat. It is one of the seven natural wonders of Algeria and thus makes it a popular tourist attraction site. There are ascent routes namely the Tell Atlas and the Saharan Atlas with the Tell Atlas being wetter due to the sea’s moisture. Skiing also takes place on the mountain in the period between December and March. Tourist residing in hotels and restaurants in the nearby cities can still have a fantastic view of the mountain from their hotel rooms.
Mount Chelia is the highest peak in the Aures mountain ranges and is located west of Khenchela in the Bouhmama region. It sits at an elevation of 7,638 feet above the sea level and prominence of 1,612 feet. Before 1850, forest fires were frequent in the forests of Mount Chelia. The promulgation of laws governing land and forest use in Algeria led to a sharp decrease in the frequency of the forest fires. Tourism in the mountain is not very rampant as it is a very hard mountain to climb. A terrible weather characterized by strong winds and freezing temperatures deter nature lovers from hiking activities on the mountain.
Lalla Khedidja sits at an elevation of 7,572 feet and has a prominence of 5,640 feet. The mountain is the third highest in Algeria and the highest in the Tell Atlas mountain ranges. Snow always covers it during the winter. There are several notable landmarks, including such mountain passes as Tizi-n-Kouilal, Tizi Tirkabine, and Tizi Bougueni. A historical shrine, Sidi Mohamed El Arba is also found on the slopes of the mountain. The town of Illitene is located only two miles north of the mountain. There is no much documentation on tourism and the ascent of the mountain.
As with any other ecological region in the world, the ecology of Algeria is under threat due to the expanding Sahara Desert. Climatic change is also changing the living conditions of the local animals, as well as melting the glaciers and on snow cover on the mountains. The government has set up measures including the Sahara Conservation Funds to help protect against the effects of the Sahara Desert's spread.
Tallest Mountains In Algeria
|Rank||Tallest Mountains in Algeria||Elevation|
|3||Lalla Khedidja||7,572 feet|
|6||Mount Babor||6,575 feet|
|7||Sidi Amar||6,512 feet|
|10||Guern Arif||5,646 feet|