The Republic of Romania gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. The government comprises of the president who is the head of state and the prime minister who is the head of government. The country has a bicameral parliamentary system consisting of the upper house and the lower house. The prime minister is appointed by the president and can be dismissed through a vote of no-confidence by the parliament. This title of the prime minister was initially known as the president of the council of ministers, was changed to the prime minister after the communist regime. Besides heading the government, the prime minister also submits to the senate reports on government policies that are to be debated and directs government actions. Furthermore, the prime minister can act presidential if the position of the president falls vacant, and will hold the position until elections are held. Since 1989 and the fall of communism, Romania has had eleven prime ministers.
Prime Ministers Of Romania Since 1989
Petre Roman (1989-1991)
Petre Roman was born in Bucharest on July 22n, 1946 in Bucharest was the prime minister of Romania between December 26t, 1989 and October 1, 1991. He assumed office after the fall of the communist regime. He was an engineer by profession and the first prime minister of Romania who was not a communist. He served as the president of the senate from November 1996 to December 1999 after which he was appointed the Minister of Foreign Affairs up to the year 2000. He is currently a member of parliament.
Theodor Dimitru Stolojan (1991-1992)
Theodor Stolojan held the office of the prime minister from September 16, 1991 to November 18, 1992. He was born on October 24, 1943. Theodor was an economist by profession who worked for the World Bank. Before the revolution, he worked for the committee for state planning. Between 1972- 1977, he served in the ministry of finance and later he was appointed the Chief of Accountancy of State Budget, a position he held until 1982. Still rising in rank, he was chosen as the Deputy Director in the Department of Foreign Affairs before he was nominated as prime minister. After his tenure as prime minister, Theodor ran for presidency but lost emerging third. In 2008, he was again nominated as prime minister, but declined and stepped down for a younger candidate.
Mugur Isărescu (1999-2000)
Prime Minister Mugur was born on August 1, 1949 and served as the prime minister from December 16, 1999 to December 28, 2000. He studied international trade at the Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies and later received a Ph.D. from the same institution. He was chosen as the head of the national bank of Romania in 1990, a position he held for 15 years before and after his prime minister post. The government later appointed him as the economics and monetary affairs secretary at the Romanian embassy in the US. Despite his one-year tenure as prime minister, he started reform processes. He ran for the presidency but lost having garnered only 9% of the votes.
Adrian Năstase (2000-2004)
Adrian’s tenure as prime minister was marked with political stability, economic growth, reforms on foreign policy to the west and decrease inflation. He was born on June 22, 1950 and attended Nicolae Balsescu Land Forces Academy for secondary education and also earned degrees in law and sociology from the University of Bucharest. He was a professor, judge, and lawyer. Adrian was appointed a minister of foreign affairs from 1990 to 1992. In 2004 he ran for presidency but lost. Adrian was also the president of the chamber of deputies from December 21, 2004 to March 15, 2006. He resigned due to corruption charges. On July 2012, he was sentenced to 2 years in prison for using a public funded conference to raise money for his presidential campaigns. He attempted to commit suicide before his arrest by shooting himself in the throat but he survived. He was released in March 2013 only to be sentenced to another four years in prison for accepting bribes and blackmail. He was however released five months later.
Other Prime ministers
Other prime ministers of Romania include Emil Boc, Mihai Razvan, Ponta, Calin, Radu Vasil, Victor Ciorbea, and the current prime minister Dacian Ciolos. The greatest reform was brought by the current prime minister Dacian who proposed the inclusion of women in parliament by giving them a third of the seats.
|Prime Ministers of Romania Since 1989||Term(s) in Office|
|Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu||February-May of 2012|
|Dacian Cioloș (Incumbent)||2015-Present|