The Croatian Prime Minister is appointed by the President to act as the Head of Government. He is the most powerful and influential state officer in the Croatian system of government. He or she, in turn, selects deputy Prime Minister that performs advisory and administrative tasks for the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister’s office monitors individual public policies, develop government projects, implement policies, and oversee foreign affairs and educating the people on government policies and activities. The first Prime Minister was Franjo Greguric from 1991 to 1992, when Croatia gained independence from Yugoslavia. Andrej Plenkovic is the designated Prime Minister expected to take office this fall.
Sanader became the 8th Prime Minister of the Republic of Croatia, serving from 2003 to 2009. Sanader was the longest serving Prime Minister of Croatia since independence before resigning in 2009. He registered Croatia to the European Union and NATO. Sanader established better relations with the minority parties and promoted their rights. He developed the economy and maintained a calm political environment of the country during his first reign. By 2005 Sanader had a row of conflict of interests regarding his declared wealth. In the same year, he was named in the Verona Affair, an accusation made by the opposition in the government and accused of being involved in the bankruptcy of two businesses in Austria. He was reelected to the government in 2007. During his second term, the political and economic environment was in chaos. Foreign investment decreased and even though other European countries experienced an economic distress, Croatia situation was amplified. Similarly, judicial reforms and land registry issues were never resolved. He failed to complete Croatia negotiations with the EU. On July 1, 2009, Sanader suddenly resigned as the Prime Minister of Croatia and withdrew from all active political activities in the country.
Jadranka became Prime Minister following the resignation of Sanader in 2009. Sanader had proposed her as the next Prime Minister after his sudden departure and on July 6th when parliament confirmed her, she became the first female Prime Minister of independent Croatia and the third in Croatia since two females had already ruled in the Socialist Republic of Croatia. The minute she took office all of Sanader's shortcomings fell on her shoulders. The economy of Croatia was in a sea of massive deficits and unemployment. She introduced an emergency budget to reduce spending and the national debts. She came up with “crisis tax” which led to increased taxation. The financial burden brought critics with independent economists pointing out that the new tax systems would slow down economic development. By the end of her first month, the general public and the opposition were already rivaling against her. By the end of 2009, numerous government officials and officers had been instigated of corruption, arrested, and detained. Some people believed that Koror government had taken a stronger stance against corruption while others including the ones in her party criticized her actions. In 2010, when Sanader wanted a political entry, he blamed Koror for all the shortcomings of her government. Sanader's actions led to a surprisingly massive support of Koror by the HDZ who wanted him out of the way. By February of that year, Koror had accumulated 77% of the public approval the highest Prime Minister support since polling began. Throughout 2010 the economy of Croatia became a purge of corruption and unemployment. Trade and transport became a problem.
Zoran served as the Prime Minster of Croatia from December of 2011 until January of 2016. He took office at the age of 45 years, making him the youngest serving Prime Minister since the country’s independence. He introduced domestic reforms to Croatia’s society where medically assisted fertilization was legalized, and health education presented to schools, and he fought for the rights of homosexuals. In 2013, his government lost the referendum that sought to denounce same-sex marriages. The people of Croatia felt that a family or rather a wedding is for a man and a woman. Even after his government lost the referendum, he proceeded to pass the enactment of the Law of Partnership that would see same-sex relations having the same rights and freedoms as the man-woman marriages. In the same year, the economy of the country fell, and Zoran lost the peoples' favor. By 2015 the opposition was calling on him to resign.
Shortened Terms for Many Croatian Prime Minister
The position of Prime Minister in Croatia has had many sitting on it but very few staying the duration to complete their terms. Public referendums have tended to bring down almost all Prime Ministers holding the office there. The ministers in return have been involved in numerous corruption cases and mismanagement of their political responsibilities. In a span of 25 years, Croatia has had 11 Prime Ministers, as opposed to most nations where the highest reigning minister or president serves until the end of his two terms as granted by many constitutions.
|Prime Ministers of Croatia Since Independence||Term in Office|
|Andrej Plenkovic||Designated to take office in the Fall of 2016|