Bolivia, officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is a country in western-central South America. It is one of the two landlocked countries in South America, the other being Paraguay. The capital city of Bolivia is Santa Cruz de la Sierra which is located in the eastern part of the state and has a metro population of 3,102,998. The country is led by a president who is the head of the state and head of government and is elected by a popular vote for a five-year term, and can only run for two terms. The seat of the presidency was founded on August 11, 1825 but its history has involved civil wars, various coups, and violence.
Presidents Of Bolivia Since 1982
Hernán Siles Zuazo
Hernán Siles Zuazo, born March 21, 1914 in La Paz, was a Bolivian president who was constitutionally elected twice in 1956 and 1982. In 1978, elections were conducted but were closed due to the massive fraud cases. In the 1980 election, Siles won but was prevented from taking office since he did not get a majority vote in Congress. In September 1982, the military renounced the 1980 election and reconfirmed them. Siles was then elected as president on October 5th and sworn in on 10th October for his second term.
Víctor Paz Estenssoro
Víctor Paz Estenssoro was born in Tarija, Bolivia on October 2, 1907 and was a Bolivian politician who ran for the presidency eight times in the country’s history. He won only four times. His last term began in 1985 when he succeeded Hernan Siles. Victor Paz and his government implemented a neo-liberal plan where economic reforms had been instituted to curb hyperinflation and labor unions were repressed so as to reestablish government authority. He then retired from politics in 1989.
Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada
Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada was a Bolivian politician who served as the president of the country for two terms. His first term began in 1993 and ended in 1997 where he initiated various social, economic, and constitutional reforms. His second term started in 2002 which was marked by various protests that led to the death of several countrymen which led to his resignation in 2003.
Jorge Quiroga was born on May 5, 1960 in Cochabamba, Bolivia. He served for a year as the Bolivian president from August 7, 2001 to August 6, 2002. He succeeded Hugo Banzer after his resignation on July 1, 2001 due to heightened health problems.
Evo Morales (Incumbent)
Evo Morales is the current president of Bolivia, was born to a subsistence farmer believed to be indigenous to the country. He was elected in 2005, succeeding Eduardo Rodriguez. He assumed office on January 22, 2006 and his government has majorly focused on combating the influences from the United States and other multinational corporations, poverty alleviation, and social equality. After his election, he has managed to reduce the country’s dependence on World Bank and the International Monetary Funds.
Roles of the President of Bolivia
The president of the Plurinational State of Bolivia is appointed by direct popular election. The president represents the national unity and the legitimacy of the state, and is in a position to declare a state emergency as stipulated by the Bolivian constitution
|Presidents of Bolivia Since 1982||Term in Office|
|Hernán Siles Zuazo||1982-1985|
|Víctor Paz Estenssoro||1985-1989|
|Jaime Paz Zamora||1989-1993|
|Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada||1993-1997|
|Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada||2002-2003|
|Evo Morales (Incumbent)||2006-Present|