Algeria, officially known as the People’s Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign North Africa nation along the Mediterranean coast. Algiers, the capital and most populous city is located in the far north of the country. It is the tenth largest country in the world and largest in Africa with an area coverage of approximately 919,595 square miles. It is a semi-presidential republic with 48 provinces and 1541 counties. Abdelaziz Bouteflika has been the president since 1999.
Ahmed Ben Bella
Ahmed Ben Bella was the first president of the Republic of Algeria, serving in the position from 1963 until 1965. He was born in December 1916 at Maghania in western Algeria. He volunteered for service in the French army in 1936 which was among the few avenues for advancement in the country during the colonial rule. After his election as the municipal councilor, he became the founding member of an underground organization meant to fight the colonial rule, but he was arrested in 1951 and sentenced to eight years imprisonment where he escaped and made his way to Egypt. He was arrested in 1956 in Egypt by the French and later released in 1962. He played many leadership roles while even in prison and the number of his supporters gradually grew even within the armed forces. He had taken control of Algeria, and in 1963 he was elected president. He was awarded the ti tle Hero of the Soviet Union on the 30th of April, 1964.
Houari Boumediene served as the chairman of the revolutionary council of Algeria from 1965 until 1976, and as the second president of Algeria from then until he died in 1978. He was born in Mohammed Ben Brahim Boukharouba in Guelma Province Algeria.In 1955, he joined National Liberation Front (FLN) and reached the highest rank of colonel and the highest rank in FLN forces whereby in 1960 he became chief of staff in ALN, FLN’s military wing. In 1961 after the French declared Algeria independent, he led a powerful military faction within the government and was made the defense minister by Ahmed Ben Bella. He was distrustful of Ben Bella’s style of leadership and in June 1965, Boumediene seized power in a bloodless coup. He remained as Algeria’s undisputed leader until his death in 1978.
Chadli Bendjedid was the third president of Algeria, and ruled from January of 1979 until January of 1992. He was born in Bouteldja on April 1929. He served in the French army as the non-commissioned officer, and he fought against the FLN at the beginning of Algeria war of independence in 1954. After independence, he rose the ranks and became his head of the second military region in 1964 where he commanded till 1978, and colonel in 1969. He supervised the evacuation of French militants stationed at Mers-el-Kebir and monitoring of the frontier between Algeria and Morocco because of increased tension in the region. He also was the minister of defense from November 1978 to February 1979 and became president following the death of Boumediene. At the office, Bendjedid reduced the state’s role in the economy and surveillance of citizens.
Liamine Zeruoal was the fourth president of Algeria, heading the nation from January of 1994 until April of 1999. He was born in Batna, and at a tender age of 16, he joined the national liberation army in 1957. He took command of the military school in Batna in 1975 whereas the Cherchell military academy in 1981. He quit being the general in 1990 after a disagreement between him and the President Chadli Bendjedid on proposals for the reorganization of the army. Ne shortly became an ambassador to Romania, but the president forced hi resignation.In July 1993, he became the minister of defense, and in January 1994 he was promoted to head of the high council of the state. In November 1995, he was elected as the president of the state
Abdelaziz Bouteflika is an Algerian politician who has been the fifth president of Algeria since 1999. He was born in March of 1937 and raised in Oujda where he and his family came as emigrants. He was the foreign affairs minister from 1963 to 1979. In 2002, being the president, he presided over the end of the Algerian Civil War and also put an end to emergency rule in February of 2011. He has also served as the president of the united nation general assembly. He is the longest serving president of Algeria followed by Houari Boumediene
Roles of the Algerian President
The Algerian President is the head of state and chief executive of the country, as well as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces of Algeria. After independence in 1962, the president was named the head of state while the prime minister assisting in the operation of the government. In 1963, the post of the prime minister was abolished and the duties devolved to the office of the president. Several amendments have been made over the years, but the post remains an electoral seat with elections held after five years
Presidents Of Algeria Since Independence from France
|Presidents of Algeria||Term in Office|
|Ahmed Ben Bella||1963-1965|
|Abdelaziz Bouteflika (Incumbent)||1999-Present|