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How Many Countries Are in Europe?

Europe is divided into 50 different countries.

Europe is home to 50 countries, including a small number of countries whose territory is considered to be in both Europe and Asia (Eurasia).

Countries Of Europe

Politically, Europe is subdivided into 50 sovereign states. Within the sovereign states are several de facto independent states that are not fully recognized and are not also members of the United Nations. Some dependencies and territories are also found within the continent such as Aland, two constituent countries of Denmark, British Overseas territories, and Svalbard. Of the 50 states, only 28 countries are members of the politico-economic European Union while 19 are members of the monetary union Eurozone. Thus, the European Union should not be confused with the continent of Europe. Europe is subdivided into four main regions: Southern, Northern, Eastern, and Western Europe

Southern Europe

Southern Europe is the region covering the southern half of the landmass of Europe. It includes the European countries of the Iberian Peninsula, Italian peninsula, Greece, and Malta. Southern Europe may be defined to include Balkan countries that are traditionally placed in Eastern Europe. Southern Europe can be defined as a political, economic, or cultural region. It can also be defined by its natural features. Geographically, Southern Europe comprises of 21 countries and four islands. Some of these countries include Italy, Spain, Greece, Portugal, Serbia, Croatia, Albania, Montenegro, Malta, Andorra, San Marino, and the Holy See.

Northern Europe

Northern Europe covers the northern portion of Europe. The region is defined geographically as consisting of all of Europe above 52nd parallel north with notable geographical features including North European Plain, Baltic Plain, and British Isle. The region consists of Scandinavian and Jutland Peninsula. The countries forming the Northern Europe, with an exception of the UK and Ireland, are known for a cold climate. Some of the Northern European countries include Iceland, the UK, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Ireland, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia among other countries.

Western Europe

Western Europe comprises of countries covering the western portion of the continent. The region was defined as countries with dominant Catholics and Protestants for decades. However, contemporary definition subdivides Western Europe into sub-regions such as Central and Northern Europe. Some of the countries forming the larger Western Europe including Germany, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Switzerland, and Luxembourg.

Eastern Europe

Although Eastern Europe covers the eastern portion of Europe, there is no consensus on the exact area it covers since the term has a wide range of socioeconomic and geopolitical connotations. However, the geographical boundaries of the Eastern Europe are well defined with the exception of its boundaries with the Western Europe. The Eastern European countries include Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Romania, Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Slovakia, and Moldova.

How Many Countries Are in Europe?

´╗┐CountryPopulation
Albania2,887,000
Andorra78,000
Armenia3,010,000
Austria8,608,000
Azerbaijan9,651,000
Belarus9,481,000
Belgium11,259,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina3,750,000
Bulgaria7,185,000
Croatia4,230,000
Cyprus876,000
Czech Republic10,535,000
Denmark5,673,000
Estonia1,315,000
Finland5,475,000
France66,991,000
Georgia3,707,000
Germany82,900,000
Greece10,769,000
Hungary9,835,000
Iceland331,000
Ireland4,630,000
Italy60,589,445
Kazakhstan17,543,000
Kosovo1,867,000
Latvia1,979,000
Liechtenstein37,000
Lithuania2,906,000
Luxembourg570,000
Macedonia2,071,000
Malta425,000
Moldova3,564,000
Monaco37,000
Montenegro620,000
Netherlands17,003,777
Norway5,194,000
Poland38,494,000
Portugal10,311,000
Romania19,822,000
Russia 144,031,000
San Marino33,000
Serbia7,103,000
Slovakia5,426,000
Slovenia2,065,000
Spain46,423,064
Sweden9,858,794
Switzerland8,265,000
Turkey79,817,849
Ukraine42,850,000
United Kingdom65,110,276
Vatican City800

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