Birthright citizenship also referred to as "jus soli" which is Latin to mean “right of the soil”. It is the right of citizenship that one acquires for being born in a particular country regardless of the nationality of their parents. This rule of acquiring citizenship is common in the Americas as compared to the other parts of the world. A study shows that out of the 194 countries that make up the world, only 30 countries grants citizenship by unconditional jus soli. Almost all European, African, Asian and Oceanic countries grant their citizenship through the principle of "jus sanguinis" whereby children inherit citizenship through parents but not birthplace. The following countries allow the principle of "jus soli".
From the above country by country analysis on the application of the jus soli principle, we find that there are often rules limiting who should be a citizen of a country at any given time. Such rule in practice meant to regulate the application of jus soli is called lex soli. The common lex soli used by many countries is that when a child is born of foreign parents that are on a mission to other countries or are diplomats from other states.
Some countries are moving away from the application of this rule of jus soli of late. Countries for instance: India and Malta have since abolished jus soli. India abolished jus soli on the 3rd of December 2004 because of the flock of illegal immigrants from Bangladesh who were taking advantage of the rule to gain citizenship.
Some countries also practice a restricted version of the rule of jus soli for children born of certain immigrants only. This is aimed at controlling immigrants and the population of a country. Most develop states does not practice this rule, for fear of terrorism and unwelcomed vices that could be brought by this person of foreign nations to their land.
Countries Who offer Birthright Citizenship
|1||Antigua and Barbuda|
|25||Saint Kitts and Nevis|
|27||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|
|29||Trinidad and Tobago|