Society

​Biggest Cities In Canada

​The Greater Toronto area is home to around one sixth of the entire Canadian population.

Large Country, Large Cities

Canada lies in the northernmost part of North America and stretches from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. It is the second largest country in the world and shares the longest border in the world with the US. Given that this country is so large, it is also home to several large cities. This article takes a look at some of the most populated cities in Canada.

Cities With More Than 1,500,000 People

The most populated city in Canada is Toronto-Mississauga with 6,054,191 people. Toronto is the capital of Ontario and located in the east-central region of the country. Nearly half of the population is made up of foreign-born residents. After Miami in the US, this is the second largest percentage of foreign-born residents in the world. Interestingly, no nationality holds the dominant position, making Toronto the most diverse city in the world.

The second most populated city in Canada is Montreal-Laval. Residents of this city total 3,824,221. Montreal is located in Quebec and French is its official language. The city is an important center for commerce, finance, aerospace, and the pharmaceutical industry.

Coming in 3rd place, Vancouver-Surrey has a population of 2,476,145. This city is located in the province of British Columbia on the west coast of the country. Vancouver is the most linguistically diverse city in the nation, 52% of the population speak a language other than English as their mother tongue. The city hosts the largest port in Canada, and it is the largest industrial location. Other economic activities here include lumber and tourism, among other things.

Cities With 1 Million to 1.5 Million People

Ottawa-Gatineau has a population of 1,236,324 and is the capital of Canada. This city is located in the southeastern region of Ontario. The major industries here are in public administration and the high-tech industry.

Following Ottawa is Calgary-Rocky View with 1,214,839 residents. Calgary is located in the province of Alberta. In terms of demographics of its population, the average age is 36.4. The city experienced a faster than average growth rate from 2001 to 2006; it grew at a 12.4% rate while the rest of the country grew at 5.4%. The major industries here are the oil and gas sectors.

The third city in this category and number 6 on the list is Greater Edmonton, Alberta with a population of 1,159,869. The largest mall in North America is located. The city itself is referred to as the Gateway to the North because it serves as the entrance to oil and diamond mining in northern Alberta. The majority of its residents are of European descent while 5.3% of the population is indigenous.

Cities With Less Than 1 Million

The remaining large cities in Canada all have less than 1 million people. These cities include Quebec-Levis in Quebec province (765,706), Greater Winnipeg in Manitoba province (730,018), Hamilton-Burlington in Ontario province (721,053), and Greater Waterloo in Ontario province (507,096).

Canada and Its People

As the list has shown, the majority of large cities are located in the eastern part of Canada concentrated around the US-Canada border. This fact is largely due to the history of the country and the centralization of European colonies on the eastern side. Residents of Canada are considered the most educated in the world with 51% of adults holding a university degree. Canada is a very diverse country with a wide range of religions, languages, and ethnicities. Its recent growth has come from increased immigration.

​Biggest Cities In Canada

RankMetropolitan AreaMetro Population
1Toronto-Mississauga
6,054,191
2Montreal-Laval
3,824,221
3Vancouver-Surrey
2,476,145
4Ottawa-Gatineau
1,236,324
5Calgary-Rocky View
1,214,839
6Greater Edmonton1,159,869
7Quebec-Levis765,706
8Greater Winnipeg730,018
9Hamilton-Burlington721,053
10Greater Waterloo507,096

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