Economics

All about the Cell Phone Industry

From clunky luxury items to integral parts of daily life, cell phones now fuel an industry touching all corners of the globe.

5. Description

The cell phone industry is the fastest growing sector in the larger communications industry today. Right now, the Internet is one of the industries attracting use by the largest numbers of people globally. The cell phone industry is primarily engaged in the manufacturing of mobile phones, including mobile phone handsets. As of now, the cell phone industry is totally concentrated on moving forward technoligically. It is one of the fastest moving industries in the world, growing alongside up-and-coming technologies and innovations, building upon the progress of "smartphones" and other phone feature and segments made in recent years.

4. Location

It has only been since 1994 that the cell phone began to become much more popular. In fact, these products' increased in usage from 24 million since that time to 182 million users in the US today. Larger-screen smartphones have been made available in recent years in the US through such companies as Samsung and HTC. In 2015, Apple offered smartphones with 4.7- and 5.5-inch screens, known as ‘phablets’. The entry of the iPhone 6 and the iPhone 6+ into the market has increased momentum to their favor in this direction, and these products now make up a staggering 84% of the US smartphone market. Despite cultural perceptions that associate cell phones with the Western world, they can in fact be found today in almost every corner of the world. In fact, in many developing countries, cell phones are the only access to the outside world, and are used as a means to conduct ATM-like money transactions, access the Internet, and place business orders, even in places where modern conveniences such as running water and electricity are not readily available to the masses.

3. Process

It is not just the technology of the cell phone that has changed over recent periods of time. Their physical designs have also gone through several rollercoasters of change and makeovers. They have considerably reduced their bulkiness, changing in shape, size, and weight. Now, cell phones are becoming even sleeker still, making their users feel very comfortable in carrying them. According to researchers, it is believed that, in the future, cell phones will be enable to become in sync with our biological reflexes and processes, such as eye movements, thought processes, and kinesthetic movements, and even cultural preferences as well.

2. History

Cell phones have become a part of many individuals' lives, without which they would feel lost. Technologically, it has been said that cell phones have been among the greatest gifts to mankind. Phones in different forms have been available since the 19th Century. However, as the researchers went on searching for different kinds of phones throughout the next century, in 1956 the Ericsson Company released a fully automatic, cellular, phone system, called the "MTA", in Sweden. This gadget was quite bulky, so users were not that happy to have to take it a long, as this mobile phone weighed nearly 40 kilograms (88 pounds)! Later, an improved version of this concept came to fruition in 1965, and it was known as the "MTB". In 1966, a mobile phone called "RATZ - 10" was introduced. On further developments in the field of cellular phones, in 1971 the earliest commercial cellular phone was introduced in Finland, known as the "Zero Generation" mobile network. Later, in the year 1973, Motorola was introduced, which possessed a 5” width and 9” length, and weight of a manageable 2.9lbs. Slowly, with the passing of time, the mobile phones improved by leaps and bounds and, with the introduction of Global Systems for mobile communication, radio spectrums were able to be used effectively in cellular phone systems.

1. Regulations

The regulatory responsibilities for cell phones in the U.S. lie with the Federal Communication Commission (FCC), which certifies that these wireless devices, and all phones that are sold in U.S., must comply with the guidelines they have set fort. The FCC relies on the FDA and other health agencies to ensure that cell phones are safe to users and the environment. The effects due to the exposure of wireless communication from an international perspective potentially could include a number of detrimental health effects. New breakthroughs emerging in the fields of wireless technologies, biological research, development standards, and prospects related to safety of telecommunication devices are all being used to make cell phones safer and more utilizable by all.

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